Cambridge University

Cambridge database of natural spectra

Fruit: Guianan diet summary


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Notes for Table

Fruits eaten by monkeys at Les Nouragues. The columns for the three monkey species show whether or not each species consumes each fruit. If seeds are definitely dispersed by endozoochory (according to van Roosmalen, 1985, Julliot, 1992, or Zhang, 1994) then this is indicated in the dispersal column. If these sources report that seeds are destroyed by monkeys, this is indicated in the predation column. In cases where it seems likely that seeds were dispersed or destroyed, but direct evidence is lacking, this is indicated by 'Probable' in the appropriate column.

(a) Seeds dropped by primates beneath the parent plant.
(b) Immature fruits of this species were consumed for seeds by Ateles paniscus.
(c) Seeds destroyed by Cebus apella but probably dispersed by Ateles paniscus.
The immature fruits of these species were eaten. In the case of Duguetia cf. surinamensis it was not possible to be certain whether or not the fruits consumed by monkeys were mature.
+ These fruits exhibit two different colours. Reflectance measurements of both coloured parts were made and are included in the tables of spectra.

Plant speciesAlouatta seniculusAteles paniscusCebus apellaSeed dispersalSeed predation
ANACARDIACEAE
Tapirira cf. obtusa***Probable
ANNONACEAE
Duguetia cf. surinamensis **
APOCYNACEAE
Ambelania acida**Yes
Lacmellea aculeata**Yes
Parahancornia fasciculata***Yes
ARACEAE
Philodendron insigne +*Yes
ARECACEAE
Astrocaryum paramaca*Yes
Bactris acanthocarpoides*Yes
Maximiliana maripa*(a)
BIGNONIACEAE
Arrabidea mollis*Yes
unidentified sp.*Yes
BROMELIACEAE
Ananas cf. nanus*
BURSERACEAE
Tetragastris panamensis +***Yes
cf. Tetragastris +*Probable
unidentified spp. +***Probable
CAESALPINIACEAE
Eperua falcata **Yes
Eperua rubiginosa **Yes
Vouacapoua americana **Yes
CECROPIACEAE
Pourouma sp.*Probable
Pourouma tomentosa**Yes
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
Licania alba*Yes
Licania cf. heteromorpha*Yes
Licania cf. latifolia*Yes
CUCURBITACEAE
unidentified sp.*Probable
CYCLANTHACEAE
Ludovia lancifolia***Yes
Stelestylis surinamensis**
EUPHORBIACEAE
Drypetes variabilis*Yes
Glycydendron amazonicum*(a)
FABACEAE
Dussia discolor**Probable
HIPPOCRATEACEAE
cf. Salacia sp.*Probable
cf. Salacia / Cheiloclinium sp.*Probable
unidentified sp.*Probable
ICACINACEAE
Dendrobangia boliviana**Yes
Poraqeuiba guianensis*
LECYTHIDACEAE
Eschweilera apiculata*Yes
Eschweilera cf. micrantha*Yes
Eschweilera coriacea*Yes
Gustavia hexapetala*Yes
Lecythis persistens subsp. auriantiaca*Yes
Lecythis persistens subsp. persistens*Yes
LOGANIACEAE
Strychnos sp.*Probable
MELASTOMATACEAE
Mouriri crassifolia*Yes
MIMOSACEAE
Inga cf. capitata*Probable
Inga gracilifolia**Yes
Inga huberi*Yes
Inga leiocalycina*Yes
Inga pezzizifera*Yes
Inga rubiginosa*Yes
Inga thibaudiana*Yes
Inga sp.*Probable
MORACEAE
Bagassa guianensis***Yes
Brosimum guianensis***Yes
Ficus nymphaefolia**Yes
Helicostylis pedunculata**Yes
MYRISTICACEAE
Iryanthera sagotiana +**Yes
Virola michelii +**Yes
Virola sp. nov. +**Yes
PASSIFLORACEAE
cf. Passiflora crenata*Probable
POLYGALACEAE
Moutabea guianensis***Yes
Moutabea sp.*Probable
RUBIACEAE
Duroia eriopila*Yes
Posoqueria latifolia*Yes
SAPINDACEAE
Paullinia sp.*Probable
Talisia sp.*Probable
SAPOTACEAE
Chrysophyllum lucentifolium***Yes
Chrysophyllum prieurii**Yes(b)
cf. Chrysophyllum sanguinolentum*Probable
Diploon cuspidata**Probable
Ecclinusa lanceolata***Probable
Ecclinusa cf. ramiflora*Yes
Manilkara bidentata***Yes
Micropholis cayennensis**Yes
Micropholis cf. egensis**Probable
Micropholis obscura***Yes
Pouteria ambelaniifolia***Yes
Pouteria egregia**Yes
Pouteria guianensis***Yes
Pouteria gonggrijpii*Probable
Pouteria laevigata**Yes
Pouteria torta subsp. glabra**Yes
Pouteria cf. venezuelense*Probable
Pouteria sp.*Probable
Pradosia ptychandra*Probable
unidentified spp.*Probable
SOLANACEAE
Solanum sp.*Yes
STERCULIACEAE
Sterculia frondosa**Yes
Sterculia pruriens*Yes
Theobroma subincanum***(c)Yes
VIOLACEAE
Leonia glycycarpa**Yes
UNIDENTIFIED
3 unidentified spp. *Yes
unidentified sp.*Yes

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